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Lusa - Business News - Portugal: Iranian ambassador wants UN to suspend arms sanctions - Interview

Lisbon, Oct.17,2020(Lusa)- The Iranian Ambassador in Lisbon said on Friday that the UN should suspend the arms sanctions imposed on Teheran when voting on Sunday in resolution 2.231 on the lifting of UN restrictions in 2015.

In a statement to Lusa, Morteza Damanpak Jami, considering the United States to be "irrational extremists", recalled that the nature of the resolution in question was "different" from those previously repealed by the Security Council against Iran.

"Contrary to the perception of irrational extremists in Washington, it is a resolution to lift sanctions, not one to implement, extend or maintain them", the Iranian diplomat stressed, recalling the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPoA), known as the Iranian Nuclear Accord.

In this regard, in his statements to Lusa, Jami said that UN Security Council members "should adopt the positive approach of automatically suspending the arms-related limitations to Iran" according to the timetable set out in the resolution.

In 2018, Washington unilaterally withdrew from the nuclear agreement, a plan signed in July 2015 between Iran and the five permanent members of the UN Security Council (China, United States, France, United Kingdom and Russia), plus Germany.

On 20 August, Washington formally activated a controversial and uncertain procedure at the UN to demand the reinstatement of international sanctions against Iran, accusing it of violating the 2015 agreement, claiming a "notable failure to respect its commitments" provided for in the text aimed at preventing Tehran from acquiring an atomic bomb.

"It is clear that any adventurous action by the United States and its few regional allies to prevent the implementation of the resolution in lifting the arms limitations to Iran will have a decisive action", Tehran warned.

"Over the past two years, Iran has suffered the worst unilateral sanctions from the United States and, due to the inaction and lack of tangible and significant action by the other signatories to the nuclear agreement, especially the European members, it has not received any significant economic benefit from that agreement," he said.

Jami stressed that if Iran did not benefit from the end of the arms embargo limitations contained in the resolution, it would "no longer make sense for the country to continue" in the JCPoA, and refuted the idea that if sanctions were lifted peace and stability would be affected.

"The funny thing is that in 2019, the US regime, the Zionist regime of Israel, some European countries and some weak and intimidated countries in the Persian Gulf, claiming that the lifting of Iran's arms limitations under the resolution will negatively affect peace and security in the region, wanted this not to happen and did everything possible to prevent it," he said.

"However, according to globally trusted sources, they themselves are the largest arms exporters or importers in the region. According to reports from these sources, the total value of Iran's arms imports between 2009-2018 was equivalent to only 3.5% of Saudi Arabia's arms imports in the same period," he claimed.

The Iranian Ambassador in Lisbon said that "some of the remaining limitations" on arms transfers to Iran "should be completely eliminated".

The Iranian diplomat said the European parties to the nuclear agreement (Germany, France, the United Kingdom and Russia) and the Member States of the European Union (EU) "should be aware" that any action or position taken contrary to the provisions of the resolution "is not only against their obligations under the JCPoA but will also conflict with the procedure".

"While in accordance with the action plan, the EU's arms limitations to Iran will continue until October 2023, but the Union and its members are obliged to take the necessary steps, including lifting the travel restrictions on persons and entities listed in resolution 2231 and refrain from any action that would impede the lifting of the restrictions set out in the resolution", he stressed.

"Only then can we trust the goodwill of the other countries in the action plan and hope to preserve the nuclear agreement with Iran," Jami told Lusa, who insisted that if any action is taken against Iranian interests after the vote on 18 October, "there is no justification for the country's presence in the agreement.

"In this way, we will witness the death of an agreement that is considered a successful model of the role of diplomacy and multilateralism in the contemporary international system," he concluded.

The United States intends to use a clause contained in the agreement signed with Tehran in 2015, still by Barack Obama's administration, to recover all the international sanctions that were then imposed on Iran, triggering the so-called 'snapback' mechanism.

This mechanism is based on a contested legal interpretation, whereby Washington invokes the status of a state party to the nuclear agreement with Iran, from which it unilaterally withdrew in 2018.

According to the 2015 Security Council resolution approving the agreement, 'States parties' have the possibility of unilaterally terminating a 'significant breach' of commitments by another signatory.

The triggering of this unprecedented mechanism gives rise to a 30-day period after which sanctions are reinstated ('snapback'), without other members of the Security Council being able to exercise the power of veto.

The United States is isolated in this interpretation, with the other countries in the Council, which continue to support the nuclear agreement, arguing that Washington has lost its status as a State Party by deciding to withdraw from the agreement.



Agency : LUSA

Date : 2020-10-17 10:19:00


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