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MAP - Wizall, filiale du Groupe BCP, lance ses activités en Côte d'Ivoire
Abidjan - 18 mars 2019 - (MAP) -Trois mois après l'annonce de la prise de participations majoritaire du groupe marocain...
NNA - Planet Japan: A whirlwind escape to the past and the future
Written by Rana Hajj
NNA - When you first visit the vibrant capital of Japan, Tokyo, you are instantly taken aback...
MAP - WB Loans Morocco $700 mln for Financial Inclusion, Digital Economy
Rabat -March 18, 2019-(MAP)-The economy and finance ministry and the World Bank signed, on Thursday in Rabat, a loan agreement...
NNA - لبنان يعزز رصيده بذهبية السباحة حريق و7 ملونة ببقية الالعاب وعون والحريري يحفزان الابطال والبطلات
وطنية - ابو ظبي - أضاف لبنان ثماني ميداليات جديدة الى غلته بدورة الالعاب العالمية للاولمبياد الخاص "ابوظبي 2019"، وهي عبارة عن ميدالية ذهبية توجت بها السباحة اليسا حريق، الى...
MAP - Salon international du livre de Paris : une dizaine d'éditeurs marocains présentent leurs dernières sorties littéraires
Paris - 18 mars 2019 - (MAP) - Une dizaine d’éditeurs marocains, parmi les plus connus sur la place, ...
NNA - ذهبية لاليسا حريق في سباحة الاولمبياد الخاص للالعاب العالمية في ابو ظبي 2019
وطنية - احرزت إليسا حريق من بلدة بتغرين المتنية وهي تنتمي الى مؤسسة سيزوبيل، الميدالية الذهبية في الاولمبياد الخاص للالعاب العالمية في ابو ظبي 2019 في مسابقة ال25 مترا صدرا...
MAP - Rabat : La SG de l'OIF appelle les pays membres à faire valoir la francophonie pour mette en avant leurs richesses et atouts
Rabat - 18 mars 2019 - ( MAP ) - La Secrétaire générale de l'Organisation internationale de la francophonie (OIF),...
NNA - البطل اللبناني جورج بردويل في كندا تحضيرا لبطولة عالمية جديدة
وطنية - كندا - وصل الى مونتريال - كندا، البطل اللبناني في الفنون القتالية المختلطة MMA جورج بردويل في زيارة تدريبية مكثفة في النادي الأم Tristar Gym تحضيرا لبطولة Brave...
MAP - Moroccan Novelist Bensalem Himmich Wins Sheikh Zayed Book Award 2019
Abu Dhabi - March 18, 2019 - (MAP) -Moroccan Novelist Bensalem Himmich has won the Sheikh Zayed Book Award 2019...
NNA - Colloque franco-libanais pour la coopération bilatérale en vue d’un usage sûr des matières NRBC
ANI - Sous le patronage du Premier ministre et en coopération avec l’ambassade de France au Liban, la commission nationale...
MAP - Mois de la Francophonie en Thaïlande : une brillante soirée marocaine autour de la projection de "Rock the Casbah" de Laila Marrakchi
Bangkok - 18 mars 2019 - (MAP) -Le Maroc a été à l’honneur aux célébrations du "Mois de la Francophonie...
NNA - ألف ليلة وليلة: معرض فريد في أرتوال غاليري في وسط بيروت
وطنية - تستهل صالة عرض 'أرتوال غاليري' لهند أحمد (Artual Gallery by Hind Ahmad)، رحلتها في وسط بيروت، بافتتاح معرض فريد، عنوانه "ألف ليلة وليلة"، يتلاقى فيه الشرق والغرب. يتضمن...
MAP - Les Marocains du monde, relais intéressants pour le Royaume à l'étranger (Directeur de BM Magazine)
Casablanca - 18 mars 2019 - (MAP) -Les Marocains du monde représentent des relais intéressants pour le Royaume à l'étranger,...
MAP - Les jeunes d'Afrique plaident pour l’autonomisation et l’inclusion sociale face à la violence et l’extrémisme (Déclaration de Dakhla)
Dakhla - 18 mars 2019 - (MAP) -Les jeunes d’Afrique et de sa diaspora, réunis à Dakhla dans le cadre...
MAP - L'Afrique a besoin de créer de la valeur ajoutée locale et des filières intégrées en harmonie avec les chaînes de valeur mondiale (Mezouar)
Dakhla - 18 mars 2019 - (MAP) -L’Afrique, qui fait l’objet depuis ces dernières années d’un intérêt croissant de la...
NNA - Tourism Minister launches International Travel and Tourism Exhibition
NNA - Tourism Minister, Avedis Guidanian, on Monday launched the International Tourism and Travel Exhibition (ITM Beirut), to be organized...
NNA - المديرة العامة لوزارة الاقتصاد والتجارة ,عليا عباس افتتحت ووزير التنمية الريفية اليوناني معرض 2019 Food Expo في اليونان
وطنية - افتتحت المديرة العامة لوزارة الاقتصاد والتجارة عليا عباس معرض 2019 Food Expo في اليونان ووزير التنمية الريفية والأغذية اليوناني ستافرو آراشوفيتيس. ...
MAP - Fouad Laroui signe à Paris son Beau-livre «Lumières Marocaines»,un vibrant hommage à l'art contemporain marocain
Paris - 18 mars 2019 - (MAP) - Fouad Laroui, auteur marocain de renommée internationale, a présenté et...
NNA - Interior Minister discusses with UNICEF representative fight against child labor
NNA - Minister of Interior and Municipalities, Rayya Al-Hassan, on Monday welcomed UNICEF Resident Representative, Tanya Chapuisat, who briefed her...
MAP - Forum Crans Montana: Les participants à une rencontre sur les villes intelligentes soulignent les progrès accomplis par le Maroc
Dakhla - 18 mars 2019 - (MAP) - Les participants à un événement parallèle organisé samedi dans le cadre du...
NNA - جمعية غرفة التجارة والصناعة في كندا قدمت منحا لطلاب لبنانيين متفوقين
وطنية - أقامت جمعية غرفة التجارة والصناعة اللبنانية الكندية احتفالها السنوي، لتقديم منح جامعية لطلاب كنديين من أصل لبناني، في احتفال أقامته في بلدية مونتريال، حضره:القنصل اللبناني انطوان عيد، رئيسة...
MAP - Aziz Samsaoui, l’ambassadeur de la musique arabo-andalouse en Espagne
Séville -18 mars 2019-(MAP)-Quand Aziz Samsaoui est arrivé à Jaén dans les années 1990 pour poursuivre ses études en ingénierie...
MAP - CAF Confed Cup (Gr A): Hassania Agadir through to Quarter Finals
Agadir - March 2019 - (MAP) -Hassania Agadir have booked the last ticket to the quarter-finals of the CAF Confederation...
Lusa - Business News - Portugal. S&P up-grades Santander in Portugal's long, short-term credit rating
Lisbon, Mar. 18 (Lusa) - U.S. rating agency Standard & Poor's has raised bank Santander's long and short-term credit rating...
CNA - قمة قبرصية - يونانية -إسرائيلية بحضور بومبيو
وكالة الأنباء القبرصية - قبرص / نيقوسيا - مهى ميخائيل
من المتوقع أن تهيمن مسائل الطاقة والأمن البحري في شرق البحر المتوسط على المناقشات في القمة الثلاثية بين قبرص واليونان واسرائيل...
EFE - VENEZUELA CRISIS - Venezuelan capital struck by power cuts amid protests
Caracas, Mar 18 (EFE).- Parts of the Venezuelan capital experienced power cuts Monday amid protests by residents of some neighborhoods...
Lusa - Business News - Portugal: Five hotels in Spain's Casual Hoteles' growth pipeline
Lisbon, Mar. 18 (Lusa) – Spanish hotel chain Casual Hoteles is planning to invest around €25 million in five hotels...
CNA - تدريبات طيران فرنسية في منطقة معلومات الطيران في نيقوسيا
وكالة الأنباء القبرصية - قبرص / نيقوسيا - مهى ميخائيل
سيتم إجراء تدريبات طيران فرنسية في قبرص حيث ستطير الطائرات في منطقة معلومات الطيران في نيقوسيا.
وفقاً لإعلان صادر عن الأركان...
Lusa - Business News - Angola: US to resume correspondent banks if corruption is tackled
Luanda, Mar. 18 (Lusa) – The United States will resume relations with correspondent banks if Angola restores economic confidence, namely...
Lusa - Business News - Portugal: Vehicles take part in slow-roll convoy to protest degradation of roads
Beja, Portugal, Mar. 18 (Lusa) – Around 100 vehicles took part in a slow-roll convoy in southern Portugal on Monday...
CNA - قبرص تجري محادثات مع بنك الاستثمار الأوروبي لتمويل البنية التحتية للغاز الطبيعي
وكالة الأنباء القبرصية - قبرص / نيقوسيا - مهى ميخائيل
قال وزير المالية خاريس جورجيادس اليوم أن الحكومة تجري محادثات مع بنك الاستثمار الأوروبي حول تمويل بقيمة 150 مليون يورو...
Lusa - Business News - Angola: Country owes public water company EPAL 36 billion kwanzas
Luanda, Mar. 18 (Lusa) – Angola owes around 36 billion kwanzas (€100.2 million) to the country's public water company EPAL,...
Lusa - Business News - Portugal: Lisbon to have €10, seven-day travel pass in April
Lisbon, Mar. 18 (Lusa) – Public transport in the Lisbon Metropolitan Area (AML) is to have a €10, seven-day travel...
CNA - الولايات المتحدة تؤيد استئناف المحادثات القبرصية في أقرب وقت ممكن
وكالة الأنباء القبرصية - قبرص / نيقوسيا - مهى ميخائيل
قالت السفيرة الجديدة للولايات المتحدة الأمريكية أن بلادها تدعم استئناف المفاوضات المباشرة في أقرب وقت ممكن، وأضافت جوديث غاربر أن الولايات...
CNA - بلغاريا تأمل في بداية جديدة للمفاوضات القبرصية
وكالة الأنباء القبرصية - قبرص / نيقوسيا - مهى ميخائيل
أعرب السفير الجديد لجمهورية بلغاريا ليوبومير تودوروف عن أمله في بدء مفاوضات جديدة من أجل قبرص. وقال أيضاً أن بلاده...
Lusa - Business News - East Timor: Opposition parties try to stop Greater Sunrise acquisition
Dili, Mar. 18 (Lusa) – A group of East Timorese opposition MPs has lodged a second appeal for the constitutional...
Lusa - Business News - Angola: Reforms make investment in small oil companies more attractive - AOP
Johannesburg, Mar. 18 (Lusa) – The CEO of Africa Oil & Power (AOP), one of Africa’s largest energy conference organisers,...
Lusa - Business News - Portugal: PSI20 opens 0.40% up at 5,260.84 points
Lisbon, Mar. 18 (Lusa) – The Lisbon stock exchange opened in positive territory on Monday with the main benchmark index,...
Lusa - Business News - Portugal: Top headlines on Monday
Lisbon, Mar. 18 (Lusa) – Trouble at the banks is again on the front pages of the Portuguese papers this...
EFE - Moscow's Lenin mausoleum closes for maintenance work on Soviet leader's mummy




Moscow, Feb 18 (EFE).- The mausoleum in honor of Russian thinker and revolutionary Vladimir Lenin that has drawn in tourists and nostalgics for almost a century at Moscow's iconic Red Square temporarily closed on Monday to allow routine maintenance work to be performed on the Soviet leader's embalmed corpse.
Russia's Federal Guard Service (FSO) – the agency tasked with protecting high-ranking state officials – said in a statement that the closure would last two months.
"Due to planned preventive measures to ensure the preservation of Lenin's body, the mausoleum will remain closed to the public from February 18 until April 16, 2019," read the FSO's statement.
Every two years, experts from the team informally known as the "Lenin Lab" apply a cocktail of chemical substances to re-embalm the corpse and keep it fit for viewing by the legions of visitors to the mausoleum.
This recipe of routinely sprucing up the stiff, added to tightly-controlled environmental conditions such as temperature and lighting, supposedly enables the mummy's preservation for an indefinite amount of time.
The mausoleum has been a site of pilgrimage ever since Lenin's death in 1924, even after the collapse of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics – which he helped found – almost three decades ago.
Although the sepulcher averages some 2.5 million annual visitors – making it one of the top tourist attractions in the country – the number has been steadily declining in recent years, and some voices in Russian politics have called to bury the Bolshevik leader's remains once and for all.
The Russian Orthodox Church has said that removing Lenin from the glass casket he is displayed in and interring him is inevitable, but has warned that such a decision needs to have social consensus behind it.
Polls have shown that Russians are roughly evenly split on the question of whether to consign his remains to a definitive grave or continue to exhibit them.
Even among those in favor of removing the mummy, many believe that it should be done at a later date, since there are still multiple people for whom the headman of the 1917 October Revolution remains a beloved figure.
The mausoleum is usually open to visitors on Tuesdays, Wednesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays from 10 am to 1 pm.
Lenin – whose real name was Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov – was born in 1870 to a middle-class family in what was then Simbirsk, a city now known as Ulyanovsk in honor of its most famous son.
After becoming radicalized while in college – and following the execution of his older brother Aleksandr in 1887 for conspiring to assassinate the Tsar – Lenin adopted the "nom de guerre" for which he is known in every history book and became active in the Russian Empire's Marxist underground before being exiled in Siberia for his subversive activities.
In 1900, Lenin fled to Western Europe, where he published what was arguably his most influential pamphlet, "What Is To Be Done? Burning Questions of Our Movement," which laid out his vision of a "vanguard" party of dedicated revolutionaries tasked with agitating the working class.
Over the next decade, he became one of the leading intellectuals of the international Communist movement, and his political theories were so transcendent that the current known as Marxism-Leninism continues to enjoy significant support among the contemporary radical left.
In 1917, Lenin returned from Finland to Petrograd (present-day St Petersburg, the imperial capital at the time) and spearheaded the overthrow of the provisional government of Premier Alexander Kerensky through the armed takeover of the Winter Palace.
He was soon elevated to Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars in the newly-formed Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, making him the most powerful man of the largest nation on earth.
The new Lenin-led government signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany on Mar. 3, 1918, effectively ending Russia's involvement in the war.
His time in power, however, was marked by a brutal civil war that lasted five years and devastated the country, as millions were killed in the conflict between the Red Army and the Whites (a loose alliance of anti-communists whose main goal was to restore the Romanov dynasty on the throne).
Both factions harshly repressed citizens for political reasons and carried out massacres during the war, with the Cheka – the Bolshevik-controlled secret police – enforcing what historians have dubbed the "Red Terror," in which at least 100,000 people were executed.
In 1921, Lenin fell seriously ill and began to withdraw from government affairs. In May 1922, he suffered the first of several strokes, which left him almost completely incapacitated.
In Mar. 1923, another stroke left Lenin without the ability to speak, partially paralyzed and with signs of sensory aphasia; that is, unable to understand language in its spoken or written form.
He passed away at his home in Gorki on Jan. 22, 1924, after falling into a coma the day before.
Against the protestations of his widow, Nadezhda Krupskaya, Lenin's body was mummified for long-term display at a newly-erected mausoleum.
His brain was preserved in formaldehyde to allow scientists to find the source of his "genius" (a budding cult of personality had already formed around the charismatic politician, and the Soviet state went to great lengths to reaffirm it).
The slogan "Lenin lived, Lenin lives and Lenin will live" became a favorite among his successors.
Oskar Vogt, an eccentric German neurologist, was invited in 1926 to study the illustrious noggin; he later set up the Moscow Brain Institute, which to this day houses some cross-sections of Lenin's brain under heavy security measures.
Most unbiased experts today agree that – based on the thorough research conducted by Vogt and others – Lenin's brain was, from a physiognomic perspective, quite average.
Lenin's mummy has been showcased at the same spot for 95 years, with the exception of 1,360 days during World War II, when it was shipped to Tyumen (Siberia) in light of the German forces' advance on Moscow.
President Vladimir Putin has publicly argued that his namesake should remain in the mausoleum until a clear majority of the Russian population demands otherwise, in order to avoid a "schism" in the Eurasian country.

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EFE-EPA Multimedia Desk, Madrid
+34 913 467 493

Agency : EFE

Date : 2019-02-19 09:31:09







 

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